Saints and Holy People

Find out about their lives and how they changed the world

Pope Saint Leo IX (1002-1054)

Pope Saint Leo IX (1002-1054)

Feast day: April 19

Legend tells us that when Saint Leo IX was born he was covered with small red cross markings. It is believed that he had these markings because his mother fervently meditated on the Passion while she was pregnant.

Leo was a disciplined person, and he brought his ways of reform to the Church. He worked hard to reform religious orders and parishes. He also fought against the sin of simony, enforced celibacy in the clergy, and encouraged the use of chants in prayer. Leo was nicknamed the “Pilgrim Pope” because of his frequent travels through Europe aimed at enforcing his reforms.

He was chastised for his military actions, including leading an army to throw out the invading Normans. He was defeated and imprisoned for his actions. He devoted his days in prison to learning Greek so he could more fully understand the writings of the Eastern Church. He died shortly after he was freed, due to the effect the poor conditions of the prison had on his health. 

(Image in public domain-70)